By Professor D.Cajus Fabricius
Germany, at least up and till 1945 was one third Catholic and two thirds Protestant. The relationship between the state and these two religions was dealt with in the following way.
The Roman Catholic Church signed the Concordat with National Socialist Germany on the basis of give unto Caesar what is Caesars’ . i.e. Temporal affairs were to be the concern of the State while Spiritual matters were the preserve of the Church, at least as far as Roman Catholics were concerned.
The head of the Protestant Church was appointed by a special religious council and was approved by the Reich authorities. They were mutually supporting.
This booklet was translated from the German in 1937 and deals with the situation for Protestants and was intended to refute allegations that Christianity was persecuted in Germany.